These are some books written by members of the meetup.

Python for Data Analysis

Wes McKinney

Testing R Code

Richard Cotton

Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models

Andrew Gelman & Jennifer Hill

Service-Oriented Design with Ruby and Rails

Paul Dix

Text Mining with R

Julia Silge & David Robinson

Forecasting: principles and practice

Rob Hyndman

ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis (Use R!)

Hadley Wickham

R Packages: Organize, Test, Document, and Share Your Code

Hadley Wichkam

Bandit Algorithms for Website Optimization

John Myles White

Applied Predictive Modeling

Max Kuhn & Kjell Johnson

A Quantitative Tour of the Social Sciences

Andrew Gelman & Jeronimo Cortina

Parallel R

Q. Ethan McCallum

R Cookbook: Proven Recipes for Data Analysis, Statistics, and Graphics

JD Long

Data Analysis with R - Second Edition: A comprehensive guide to manipulating, analyzing, and visualizing data in R

Tony Fischetti

R for Everyone

Jared P. Lander

A Computational Approach to Statistical Learning

Bryan Lewis and Michael Kane

Advanced R: Second Edition

Deep Learning with R

JJ Allaire

Learning R

Doing Data Science

Cathy O'Neil and Rachel Schutt

Data Science at the Command Line

Jeroen Janssens

Introduction to Empirical Bayes: Examples from Baseball Statistics

David Robinson

Bayesian Data Analysis

Andrew Gelman, John B. Carlin, Hal S. Stern, David B. Dunson, Aki Vehtari & Donald B. Rubin

Teaching Statistics: A Bag of Tricks

Andrew Gelman & Deborah Nolan

Red State, Blue State, Rich State, Poor State

Andrew Gelman

Learning R: A Step-by-Step Function Guide to Data Analysis

Getting Started with D3

Mike Dewar

Pandas for Everyone: Python Data Analysis

Daniel Y. Chen

Machine Learning for Email

Drew Conway & John Myles White

Analyzing the Analyzers

Harlan Harris, Sean Patrick Murphy & Marck Vaisman

Bad Data

R for Data Science: Import, Tidy, Transform, Visualize, and Model Data

Machine Learning for Hackers

Feature Engineering and Selection: A Practical Approach for Predictive Models

Max Kuhn